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Oil & Natural Gas Supply


ENVIRONMENTAL/
WATER ISSUES

Environmental issues and concerns over water are of vital interest to the petroleum industry. Water management of produced water from oil and gas operations, and the availability of water for hydraulic fracing are primary concerns in planning and developing coalbed methane wells, shale gas plays and traditional oil and gas fields. Air quality and protection of animal and plant populations and habitats are also important. Federal and state agencies provide guidelines and restrictions on water and air quality, and land use that oil and gas operators must adhere too. Access to federal lands and promoting more efficient permitting of oil and gas operations are among issues addressed by the U. S. Department of Energy, the Bureau of Land Management and the Environmental Protection Agency. Renewable energy resources including wind, solar and geothermal directly relate to preserving environmental quality. The function of this website is to provide information on the issues, technologies, regulations, and contacts for government, non-profit, national laboratories, universities, and industry groups currently involved in research and development of environmentally sound oil and gas exploration and production.


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Technology Tidbit of the Month

Oil Spill Detection

Repsol and Indra have joined in partnership to develop a technology for oil spill detection in subsea environments before it reaches the surface. The pioneering technology is called hydrocarbon early automation detection system (HEADS). Repsol provided extensive data on the marine environments and expertise in offshore production. Indra, a consulting company in Europe and Latin America, provided real-time data processing and imaging capabilities to interpret data from infrared and radar cameras. HEADS uses advanced infrared sensors, radars and algorithms to maximize detection of oil leaks and minimize false alarms in the automated system. The system is based on artificial intelligence entrained to monitor oil spills. The infrared imaging system monitors differences in temperature and emissions over a subsea area. Radar detection scans the water for chemical anomalies. Both systems are capable of operation in difficult weather conditions. The algorithms integrate the data from the infrared and radar sensors and generate an alarm signal.

Excerpted from "Leading the way in oil spill detection," E&P Magazine, September 2014, pp. 60-62.

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Environmental Geosciences Journal, quarterly publication of the AAPG Division of Environmental Geosciences  See selected articles

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